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Zeugma October 22, 2016

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I’m a word nerd. I love language and playing with words but also understanding the rules of usage and the logic behind them. Who else would enjoy reading grammar books? I confess I’ve read somewhere between 20 and 30 of them. So, it was with great excitement I recently read in a grammar book about zeugma. This was a term I’d never heard before, but it seems to me it should be a subtopic of parallel construction.

A zeugma is a grammatical expression in which a single word is forced to apply to multiple parts of a sentence even though it is grammatically or logically correct only for one of them. The following is an example:

The grammar, punctuation, and spelling were terrific, the writing awful.

The problem with this sentence is that the verb “were” has been dropped in the second part of the sentence, but it should never be used there anyway. “The writing were awful” is obviously grammatically incorrect. The sentence could be corrected this way:

The grammar, punctuation, and spelling were terrific; the writing was awful.

Excited about this new word for a grammatical concept, I googled “zeugma” and found, on Wikipedia, a more thorough explanation of not only zeugma but syllepsis, diazeugma, hypozeugma, prozeugma, and mesozeugma.

I have a new respect for Wikipedia.

A Writing Secret: Writing for Profit May 21, 2016

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In writing critique groups, I often find that newer writers write more for pleasure than profit. They enjoy writing and want to share that enjoyment with others. Instead of seeking true critiques in a critique group, they’re often just seeking encouragement. I try to keep that in mind when responding to their work.

I need to because I write from a different mindset. I write for profit. The greatest pleasure I get from writing comes from seeing my work in print, even after having had more than 100 stories and articles and 4 books published. I may have once written solely for pleasure, but I don’t remember such a time. Even in elementary school, I wrote intending to get published. My first sale came in junior high, when my hometown newspaper paid me to cowrite a column about happenings at my school.

 I do find pleasure in the act of writing. Finding the perfect phrase to express an idea or emotion I’ve struggled to convey to my reader—or, even better, making my reader laugh—is an undeniable pleasure. But if I can’t sell my writing to respectable publishers, readership will likely be limited and the struggle to communicate to readers proves fruitless.

Writing for profit is work, especially when it comes to fiction. After having spent hours toiling away at finding the right words, I want to be paid for them. This is a much different mindset than that of the person writing solely for pleasure. And here’s a secret . . . More often than not, writing for profit is where most writers who have written for any amount of time end up. It’s seldom long before new writers enjoying the work of others want to improve their own work. They begin to take a more critical look at what they’ve written and see the flaws. This is painful but can lead to the deeper pleasure of writing . . . knowing their work is well done and stands a chance at being appreciated by many.

Inexpensive Professional Author Photos March 1, 2016

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Publishers recommend authors get a professionally taken photo for their Web site, but if you’re like most authors (or other starving artists), you may question how you can afford this. I’ve found a few options that work for me.

First, with the advent of PhotoShop, there are a lot of amateur photographers who can either match the skill of a professional photographer or come close to it. They are generally far less expensive also. I’ve paid college students who have a strong interest in photography to take photos for me.

Second, when I was promoting my books, I did many newspaper and magazine interviews, and these articles usually included a photo of me with my latest book. When I saw a photo I liked, I asked the reporter or photographer if I would be able to purchase it (and the copyright) to use in my publicity. Sometimes the photographer owns the rights, and sometimes the publication does, but either way, I’ve found most of them are willing to sell a photograph with copyright after they’re done with it.

Third, professional organizations like clubs, schools, employers, and churches often take photos of their members. Frequently, these are head-and-shoulder shots perfect for showing your readers who you are. The photographer may have a written agreement with the organization, releasing the copyright, but if not, be sure to ask for written permission to reprint your photo in other media.

 

 

Educational Testing Market January 18, 2016

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A paying market that fiction and nonfiction writers might not think of is the educational testing market. Test makers often include a few paragraphs of text in their tests, and students read the text and answer questions based on it. This text can be fiction, nonfiction, or even poetry.

test imageI recently submitted a few poems and narratives to the Center for Education Testing and Evaluation at the University of Kansas (through its Web site at https://cete.submittable.com/submit). The center rejected my work, but since I submitted the work online, the process cost me nothing. Had the center accepted my work, I would have been paid $250 per piece. As any poet can tell you, $250 is good pay for a poem.

If you’re considering submitting work to a testing company, I’d recommend making sure your work has information in it that is educational and lends itself to the easy development of test questions.

Quotes About Writing, Part IV November 30, 2015

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As a gift to my readers during the Christmas season, I typically share author quotes or quotes about writing. I collect these throughout the year for possible use in presentations or articles about writing. I find it handy to keep them in one spot. I was particularly gratified to find the Jack London quotation this year. I had heard it before but failed to take it down word-for-word at the time. I hope these quotes will serve you well, providing insight and inspiration for the new year.

“Words can be like X-rays if you use them properly–they’ll go through anything. You read and you’re pierced.” — Aldous Huxley

“With educated people, I suppose, punctuation is a matter of style; with me, it is a matter of feeling. But I must say I have a great respect for the semicolon; it’s a useful little chap.” — Abraham Lincoln (attributed)

“Envy is ignorance; imitation is suicide.” — Ralph Waldo Emerson

“There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed.” — Ernest Hemingway

“If you don’t have time to read, you don’t have the time (or the tools) to write. Simple as that.” — Stephen King

“There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you.” — Maya Angelou

“The way we are living, timorous or bold, will have been our life.” — Seamus Heaney, poet

“Don’t loaf and invite inspiration; light out after it with a club, and if you don’t get it you will nonetheless get something that looks remarkably like it.” — Jack London

Author Earnings Are Scary October 17, 2015

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Just in time for Halloween, the Authors Guild released the results of an income survey of its members, and the results are scary. Not only did the majority of authors report that they earn less than the Federal Poverty Level from their writing, their responses also indicated that author income has gone down since the last time the survey was taken, in 2009. You can read more about the survey findings here:

http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/industry-news/publisher-news/article/68008-new-guild-survey-reveals-majority-of-authors-earn-below-poverty-line.html

After reading this story, I am doubly glad to be able to make a living working in a writing-related field (as a proofreader/copy editor), but I feel for writers who are trying to make a living solely from their writing. I see only one appropriate response to such Halloween news:

BOO!

.

Alpha and Beta Males September 9, 2015

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Lloyd and Ronica #1

Ronica Stromberg and her husband, Lloyd.

This month my husband and I will celebrate our 22nd wedding anniversary. You might think that since I’m a novelist and I’ve been married more than 20 years, I might try writing romance. The genre is perpetually in demand and sells well. I did try to break into the field a few years ago but discovered I didn’t enjoy reading romances much, less enough writing them. I learned some interesting things while studying the genre though. Probably the most interesting is the classification of males as alpha or beta.

The term alpha male comes from the study of wolves. The alpha male is the leader of the pack, the male wolf that dominates all other males in the pack as well as the females. In human terms, an alpha male is a leader, a man who takes charge and takes action. He is confident and tough and is often a loner. Because he dominates others and isn’t always attuned to others’ thoughts or feelings, he may come off as arrogant and needing to be taken down a notch. In romance novels, he usually falls in love with the heroine because she’s able to give back to him what he dishes out. She’s his equal and forces him to get in touch with his feelings and enter a relationship deeper than physical attraction.

The beta male is a wingman to the alpha, supporting him and the greater good of the pack. In human terms, he is less tough and more flexible than the alpha male. He’s more open about his feelings and easier for women to understand. He relates well to others and has many close relationships. He’s considered a family man. Outside the romance novel and in the real world, beta males often make better spouses because they are more sensitive and considerate of their spouse’s needs. They strive to please by doing more around the house (including the bedroom).

In the animal kingdom, the alpha male usually establishes his position through physical prowess, fighting or killing other males who might stand in his way. In romances, the alpha male establishes his position through social prowess. He has become the head of a corporation, a ruler, or a leader of men because of his mental toughness or sheer force of personality. A beta male can also be a leader, but he’s more likely to be in a caring profession (such as a doctor or teacher) than in one where he might be called upon to be ruthless and calculating.

Romances used to favor alpha males more but now are trending more toward beta males. Perhaps it is because most women work these days and can achieve position and power on their own so look more toward a man as a helpmate or partner (or at least like to read about that type of man in romance novels).

As for me, I’ve figured out that I live in a household of beta males. My husband, my two sons, and even our cat are all beta males. I wonder, does this make me an alpha female?

Naah . . .

Sold Another Piece I Didn’t Submit August 1, 2015

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This is almost getting funny. The other day I came home from work and found a contract in the mail from a children’s magazine. The editors wanted to reprint a Christmas story of mine. They had published it in 2009 and now were offering to pay me again for rights to reprint it this year. I didn’t even know they accepted reprints, less enough reprints from their own magazine. I had never thought of submitting the story to them again. It seems I have a better batting average when I am not actively pursuing publication than when I was!

God, what are you up to?

It’s a God Thing July 12, 2015

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Since childhood, I’ve felt that my purpose in life is to write. I believe God has called me and continues to call me to write. That doesn’t mean writing always comes easily to me or that I never procrastinate.

Just this last weekend I had a few hours to write and, instead, decided to go for a walk. I told myself that I needed exercise and that walking is far better for a person (me, specifically!) than sitting in a chair.

I told myself that I needed inspiration and that since I mainly write for children, maybe I would see something at the park or in the neighborhood that would inspire me.

So I went on about a mile walk. I didn’t see a single child in the park or in the neighborhood.

I was about a block from home when I spied chalk marks on a driveway ahead.

Evidence of children! I homed in on the chalk marks, hoping to use them as a window to their maker’s world, a glimpse of what occupies children’s thoughts. But as I approached the driveway, I saw there were only two words on the driveway:

      Write something!

OK, God, I got the message. I went home and started a short story.

Are Your Books in Libraries? May 3, 2015

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Today I have a time-saving tip for other authors and readers. If you’ve ever wondered whether any libraries are carrying a published book, you can easily find out through WorldCat on the Web. Just go to http://www.worldcat.org and, on the search bar, type in the name of the book. If the book has a common name or one that might easily be confused with others, you might also type “by [insert the author’s name].” WorldCat will show the number of copies in libraries and which libraries hold them. This gives authors a chance to see how well-placed their books are and helps readers easily find which libraries might be carrying a book they’ve wanted to read. Most libraries now have an interlibrary loan system, so even if there’s no nearby library carrying a specific book, readers can usually request them on loan.

I’ve searched for all four of my books using WorldCat and haven’t discovered a whole lot of copies in libraries. I’d love to get more in libraries. If you’ve ever wanted to read my books but prefer checking out library books rather than purchasing them, request a copy through your local library. They should be able to order it or get it through interlibrary loan.

WorldCat can also search for DVDs, CDs, and articles. Happy reading!